Uzbekistan : At the crossroads of History

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Uzbekistan is a central Asian country. Previously under USSR, it became an independent nation in 1991. Recently, President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov died. He led the country even before its independence from the USSR.

Uzbekistan’s economy mainly relies upon export of cotton, gold, uranium and natural gas. Due to the strategic location and resources, Uzbekistan has always been an important territory for great powers around the globe. In ancient 12818time, it was part of Silk road connecting Europe and Asia.

The great powers of the East and the West – Russia and the USA, acknowledge the strategic importance of Uzbekistan. Despite Uzbekistan’s roots in Russia and the tilt towards the USA in last decade, President Islam Karimov was able to maintain the balance between them. The US used Uzbekistan’s airbase in its war against Afghanistan. Uzbekistan supply gas and oil to Russia. President Islam shielded his country from Russian sphere of…

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Marx : Theory of Class Revolution

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Class Structure

According to Marx, class is a social group whose members share the same relationship to the means of production.

In capitalism two primary classes are present : Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. Bourgeoisie own the means of production and proletariat are the workers who sell their labour to bourgeoisie to earn their wages. The conflict between bourgeoisie and proletariat is an example of material contradiction, which can be resolved through social change or revolution. Capitalists try to avert this revolution, but according to Max, they will fail eventually.

But, the people who were living under false consciousness can not bring about the social change. They need to know about the prevalent economic realities to make that happen.

From a ‘class in itself’ to a ‘class for itself’

A class in itself is primarily a social group which share the same relationship with the means of production. They have false class consciousness. A social group…

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Marx’s World and the Species Being

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jklKarl Marx was one of the most influential social thinkers of the 19th century. His works inspired revolutions and stirred a debate over the nature of the economic system even today. He was born to a German Jewish family in 1818. His father converted to Christianity to escape anti-Semitism. He studied law but was influenced by the ideas of philosophers like Hegel and Feuerbach.

He met his friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels when he moved to Paris. Engels was son of a businessman and he provided Marx with a first hand experience of the evils of the capitalist system. They worked together for a long time, and co authored famous and influential works like Communist Manifesto. 

German enlightenment was different from that of France. The famous German Enlightenment thinkers like Immanuel Kant and Gottfried Leibniz were idealist who sought to give a metaphysical explanation of the material world. Marx drew his ideas of human…

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